Liposuction is a surgical procedure which removes, unwanted fat from certain parts of the body. It is, without a doubt, the most popular aesthetic intervention in the whole world. A large number of satisfied patients confirm its efficacy in body shaping. Liposuction is not a method of treating excessive obesity.
It is effective in the treatment of limited fat deposits that are not reduced even after diet and exercise. The most commonly treated regions are chin, forearm, breast, loins, stomach, hips, thighs, elbows and lower legs. It is important to emphasize that the quality of the skin significantly affects the end result. Solid and elastic skin is a prerequisite for achieving desirable regular and even contours. Excessively relaxed and inelastic skin requires a completely different treatment. It should be understood that liposuction alone does not improve the skin of the skin denoted as cellulite.
General health check and basic laboratory analysis is mandatory for all patients. They need to be psychologically stable and realistic in their demands and expectations. It would be preferable to stop smoking, and taking drugs and preparations that affect blood coagulation.
- Anesthesia:The intervention is most often performed in a combination of local anesthesia and intravenous conscious sedation that gives the patient good comfort. Sometimes general endotracheal anesthesia is required.
- Duration: : The duration of surgery varies from the amount of fat tissue and the number of regions treated and can range from 30 minutes to 3 hours.
- Techniques: : There are several different liposuction techniques depending on how to soften and suck up fat tissue. All of them involve the prior insertion of liquids of a particular composition into the treated region until its firmness and brittleness are achieved.
This is done through small cuts. Later, through the same cuts, the specially shaped channels are introduced into which the fat tissue is sucked by negative pressure.
- In this way, it is possible to remove a higher amount of fat with minimal blood loss. The maximum amount of fat that can be safely removed depends on the patient’s medical condition, his weight, simultaneous other interventions, and the like.
- Often there is a need to transform individual parts of the body by redistribution of fat, which means that the fat taken from one part of the body can be efficiently used to correct defects in fat or deformity in other parts of the body. This technique is known as LIPOSCULPTURE.
The patient remains in the Clinic for several hours to one or two days, depending on the scope of the intervention. After the procedure, the patient wears specially made elastic corsets for several weeks. Their role is to reduce the swelling and allow the skin to collect in the treated region. The pains are mild or moderate and are easily controlled with medications. Blood stumps are minimal.
It is possible to lose all feeling in the region, but it is transient. In the postoperative treatment, the importance of massage, skin care, and compression must not be ignored. The patient can return to work even after a few days, depending on the scope of intervention, recovery, and profession. More intense physical activity should be avoided for two to three weeks. Everyday light walks are proposed. The final results are estimated after six months.
Complications are rare. They can occur in the form of infections, seromas, and minor irregularities. Liposuction is considered to be reliable and safe interventions with rare complications if performed by specialized plastic surgeons.
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