Labiaplasty or labia correction is a surgical procedure to reduce or reshape the labia minora of the vagina in order to achieve its former appearance. Labia surgery is not only aesthetic but also functional. The labia minora (lat. Labia minora) form the outer part of the female genital organ and as such play an important role in the sexual life, hygiene, and daily physical activities of a woman. Overdeveloped labia can represent a functional as well as an aesthetic defect. They require a higher level of hygiene, and during sports and other physical activities, they can also cause irritation of the local area.

By “rejuvenating” the vagina, its diameter narrows, which contributes to achieving greater sexual pleasure. Excess lip lines are drawn on clothes, creating discomfort. Women rarely talk about this problem, and this problem can create serious psychological problems. This surgery is most often performed on women who have given birth. As in the preparation of some other operations, the aesthetic surgeon is required to have a sense of design and proportions.

Preoperative preparation

During the preoperative preparation, special attention is paid to the wishes of the patient in order to remove the optimal amount of skin and subcutaneous tissue and to achieve the desired result. Attention should be drawn if you have coagulopathy, thyroid disease, high blood pressure, kidney or heart disease, and if you are taking anticoagulants (Aspirin, Andol, Plavix, Sintrom).


  • Anesthesia: The operation is most often performed under local anesthesia, but rarely, at the patient’s request, it can also be performed under general endotracheal anesthesia.
  • Duration: The duration of the operation is about 30 minutes.

Postoperative course

After the operation (Labioplasty), the patient goes home immediately. Antibiotics and analgesics are prescribed as needed. The recommendation is to rest for three days, after which you return to lighter work. Heavy physical exertion and sexual relations are possible after 15 days. After the recovery period, which lasts up to two weeks, the labia are completely in line with the anatomy of the surrounding area, and patients no longer complain of local irritation, disturbances in sexual life, hygiene, sports and other physical activities.


Complications are rare and mild. Bleeding and infections are possible and occur in 1% of cases. If the labiaplasty operation is not performed following its technique, it may cause some problems in the long term. These may appear as complaints such as the following;

  • Scar formation
  • Abscess formation
  • Fenestration (windowing)
  • Asymmetry (symmetry disorder)
  • Prolonged edema
  • Urine going in different directions in the bowl
  • Sensation changes
  • Dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse)
  • Complaints such as sawtooth appearance (scalloping*) may occur on the lip edges.

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